New Malaria vector control method

MALARIA CONTROL: NEW SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY TOWARDS ITS ELIMINATION

Malaria is a major public health concern because of the rising prevalence of malaria deaths especially in children from endemic malaria zones.  Malaria is responsible for over 400,000 deaths per year and this figure is projected to increase.

Malaria is caused by the transmission of the parasite into the human blood when an Anopheles mosquito bites an individual.

In a recent study, research scientists in the United States of America discovered new effective methods to eliminate mosquitoes.

This article would highlight the methods, findings and significance of the discovery.

MALARIA CONTROL METHODS

Malaria can be controlled using antimalarial drugs to kill the parasite in the blood of humans or externally by eliminating mosquitoes using vector control methods like spraying insecticides.

However, using vector control methods would be crucial in controlling the disease because of the emerging high incidence of multi-drug resistant parasite strains which cause resistant malaria and treatment failure.

The combination of new vector control methods can help resolve the trend of recurrent challenges in malaria treatment.

NEW SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY

Scientists genetically engineered a fungus that produced toxins that killed mosquitoes exposed to the fungus as discovered in the laboratory. They infused the genetic code into the fungus which instructed the production of spider toxins when the fungus infects the mosquito.

Upon discovering the rapid clearance of mosquitoes after exposure to the fungus in the laboratory, the research team tried the same experiment in a mosquito-laden environment.

They created a restricted environment containing stagnant water pool and plants that attracted mosquitoes and increased their number significantly.

The researchers introduced the spores of the genetically engineered fungus into this mosquito habitat and studied the clearance pattern.

In 45 days, the fungal spores had cleared close to 99% of the mosquitoes in the habitat.

This finding shows that malaria control can be achieved when this experiment is implemented in malaria endemic areas.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THIS DISCOVERY

  • Improved infant and under 5 mortality rates in Africa because malaria is one of the leading causes of deaths in this region.
  • Reduction of government expenditure in handling the disease.
  • Substantial decline in the incidence and prevalence rates of malaria.

Finally, this discovery will mark a significant progress towards the reduction of malaria cases in Africa.Adopting safe malaria vector control methods may serve as an effective alternative to drugs in malaria control in the future.

About the author

I am an experienced practicing Medical Doctor and a medical expert author for ezinearticles.com. I am a double certified content writer for website contents on health/ fitness/nutrition and I am a native English speaker.
I am also proficient with copywriting. I have excellent written communication skills and I am enthusiastic about entrepreneurship, research/academic writing.
I am a semifinalist in 2016 CIAPS Nigeria essay competition and among the top 10% of young innovators in 2018 World Bank ideas for action competition.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

fifteen − 15 =